Teeth grinding is also known Bruxism. Excessive teeth grinding or jaw clenching is known as bruxism. This is more than normal function such as eating and talking which is known as an oral parafunctional activity.
It is a common behavior which reports prevalence range from 8 to 31% of the general world’s population. Hypersensitive teeth, aching jaw muscles, headaches, tooth wear, and damage to dental restorations to teeth for example crowns and fillings these are some of the common symptoms of teeth grinding.
Some of the symptoms can also be minimal which patients won’t be aware of the condition.
Sign And Symptoms:
Some of the signs and symptoms of teeth grinding includes:
- When you have the habit of grinding your teeth often your jaw muscle, neck, and face bones and muscle gets stiff and feel numb and sore which will result in Facial pain.
- There are signs of rhythmic contraction of the jaw muscle
- This sound in the night may irritate or disturb other person’s sleep.
- Headaches are one of the most common symptoms which you can see in almost every patient. Your headaches can be light and dull in the initial stage but it increases if you do not notice the disease in the early stage.
- Damage of teeth can occur. Broken dental filling and injured gums can cause you pain.
- Teeth grinding can result in stiffness and soreness of your jaw joint which is also known as temporomandibular joint and neck. This results in damage of chewing on the one side of your cheek.
- It can lead you to (TMD) temporomandibular disorder.
Bruxism isn’t always considered about a particular set of some things which can cause teeth grinding. It has many reasons behind it. Some experts even consider this as a habit and not as a disease.
- Stress and Anxiety: Most of the people who do teeth grinding are not even aware that they do when they are on stress or anxiety. This is one of the most caused reason. Usually, the patient used to do his during their sleep.
- Taking Medicine: Some kind of medicines and a particular type of medicine can cause teeth grinding. For example antidepressant medicines like SSRIs which includes paroxetine, fluoxetine, and sertraline.
- Lack of Sleep: If you are suffering from sleep disorders like (OSA) Obstructive Sleep Apnoea, then you are more likely to grind your teeth. If you do any of the things listed below then you are more likely to grind your teeth:
- Talk or mumble while you are sleeping
- Kicking out, punching, doing any kind of violent activities during sleep
- Hallucination when you are in sleep or semi-conscious.
- Having sleep-paralysis.
There are a number of remedies for teeth grinding some of them are listed below:
- You can use mouth guards or mouth splint when you sleep. Mouth guards are more likely which are used in sports such as boxing and rugby.
- If you are in stress and anxiety then you should treat it. Best way to treat stress and anxiety is to start doing yoga, massage, breathing exercise, listen to soft music.
- Break your habit of grinding your teeth. If you aware that you are grinding your teeth try to avoid it.
- Avoid smoking, alcohol, and drugs.