10 Elevated Liver Enzymes You Should Know About.
Enzymes play an important role in regulating the pace with which all your biochemical process take place in your body. They basically act as catalysts in those process, thus speeding up the chemical reaction. The enzymes are nothing but chains of amino acids secreted by the various organs in the body. Unlike hormones, these proteins are secreted by organs to the specific areas where they are needed. The imbalance in the levels of these enzymes can impact the body functions and hinder many vital processes.
Enzymes Secreted By The Liver:
The liver is one of the vital organs in the human body. It secretes a number of enzymes that are responsible for performing a number of functions. Some of the common enzymes secreted by the liver come under the class- aminotransferases. These aminotransferases are enzymes that help the liver to break down food and convert the sugar in it into energy packets. These energy packets are glycogen, a usable form of energy source. They only work to perform this function when there is an excess of sugar in your diet. The excess is converted into glycogen compound by aminotransferases for future use. After the formation of glycogen, a major part of it is stored in the liver and the fewer portion in the skeletal muscles and other organs in your body. If because of some reason, there is an imbalance in the secretion of these enzymes, one might face issues.
These class of enzymes are the most common liver enzymes that you will encounter in abundance in the liver. They help to store glycogen in the body for future use. There are mainly two types of aminotransferases namely:
The Aspartate Aminotransferase:
Also known as AST, this enzyme is found in the bloodstream when there are damaged cells in your system. Only the damaged cells secrete this enzyme in excess, enough to make its presence pretty evident in your bloodstream. Unlike other liver enzymes, this enzyme is found in various other tissues like in brain, lungs, kidneys, and others. Thus, the presence of this enzyme in the bloodstream might indicate the presence of some damage to the liver. But it is not a sure way to know that the injury is specific to the liver.
The Alanine Aminotransferase:
Also known as ALT, this enzyme is a major enzyme secreted by the liver. In contrast to the AST, this enzyme is primarily found in the liver. Increase in the levels of ALT is a clear indication of an injury to the cells in your liver.
ICD 10 Elevated Liver Enzymes:
If there is an increase in the levels of the enzyme secreted by the liver in the bloodstream, then this particular phenomenon is referred to as an elevated liver enzyme. The presence of the following enzymes is a common indication of this condition:
- Alanine transaminase.
- Aspartate transaminase.
- Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase.
- Alkaline phosphatase.
Elevated liver enzymes is a widely observed phenomenon in individuals, especially when they have been ill.
Though occurrence of elevated liver enzymes a few times is considered normal, recurring enzyme hikes in your bloodstream might indicate a possibility of a severe condition that can prove fatal.