Awareness about sexual health is not a big issue in the 21st century, but awareness about sexual irregularities is still one. We are not encouraged to come out and discuss it openly. One such disorder is Enlarged ovaries. Not only is it associated with many misconceptions and myths, but also there is a wide array of possibilities that come with the situation.

Let’s take a deep look into the problem along with its causes, symptoms and remedies that are available.

Symptoms That You Might Have Enlarged Ovaries

Here are a few symptoms that may indicate that you have the condition.

  • Irregular Menstrual Cycle.
  • Pelvic Pain.
  • Increased Urinary Urgency.
  • Pelvic Swelling.
  • Change in bowel habits.
  • Thinning of hair on the head.
  • Sudden weight change (Loss or gain).
  • Fatigue.
  • Abdominal Irregularity and discomfort.

All these symptoms are a sign that you may have enlarged ovaries. It is usually suggested that you judge the cause for your condition and make sure that you take the step in the right direction.

Causes Of Enlarged Ovaries

There is more than one abnormality that can lead to this problem. The severity, the remedy of the problem depends on the cause of the problem. Here are a few of the cases for enlarged ovaries:

  1. Ovulation: This is a part of the menstrual cycle where the egg is released from the ovaries. For this to happen, the ovaries swell up because the egg grows inside them and it is being ready to be released.
  2. Ovarian Cyst: Ovarian Cyst is fluid-filled sacs that get formed in the ovaries due to some reasons. This hinders the opening and closing of the follicle which traps the fluid inside that leads to the swelling of the ovaries.
  3. Ovarian Torsion: Ovarian torsion is a condition where the fallopian tube twists around which occurs due to the growth of the cyst or other unwanted growth in the ovaries.
  4. Endometrioma: In this condition, the cyst is formed on the endometrial tissue which is present in the line of the uterus.
  5. PCOS: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome(PCOS) is a condition where a woman has higher levels of insulin or androgen in her body. This leads to irregularities in the Menstrual and ovulation cycle.
  6. Non-cancerous Tumour: The swelling might just be an overgrowth or a non-carcinogenic tumor in the ovaries.
  7. Ovarian Cancer: The first sign of ovarian cancer is often swelling of ovaries.

We will now discuss each cause in detail along with symptoms and their remedies.

Ovulation

Ovulation is the start of the fertile period in your menstrual cycle. In ovulation, the ovaries swell up as the egg inside them starts to develop and if filled with fluid. In the end, the ovaries release the egg into the fallopian tube along with the vaginal fluid.

Symptoms for ovulation are:

  • Changes in vaginal discharge or flow.
  • A slight increase in body temperature.
  • Light Cramping.

There is nothing you can really do during ovulation. It is a natural process and the swelling will go once the ovulation cycle is completed.

PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)

This is an endocrine where the levels of male sex hormones like androgen and testosterone in the body. Due to the rise in levels of this hormone, cysts are formed in the ovaries and make the ovaries swell up. This can lead to a wide array of symptoms like:

  • Irregular menstrual and ovulation cycle.
  • Excess facial and body hair.
  • Weight gain.
  • Fatigue.
  • Mood changes.
  • Difficulty in conceiving.
  • Acne.

Unlike other causes of enlarged ovaries, PCOS is a common non-fatal condition that can be treated with any of the following ways.

  • Birth Control Pills
  • Surgery.
  • Metformin.
  • Clomiphene.
  • Spironolactone.

Ovarian Cyst

Ovarian cysts are a common overgrowth in the ovaries that usually occur in the majority of the female population. These cysts are full of fluids and the ovaries swell due to them. There are three types of these cysts.

  1. Corpus Luteum Cyst
  2. Dermoid Cyst
  3. Follicular Cyst.

To get rid of these cysts, you will have to go through surgery. Although it is not advised and required, as the cysts are dissolved in a few months without treatments. Surgery becomes necessary  if they are causing discomfort such as pain and bloating.

Ovarian Torsion

This is a physical condition where the ovary or the fallopian tube has a knot or is twisted. This prevents the proper regulation of eggs. They are usually a result of a cyst or an overgrowth on the ovary.

This is most likely to hit a woman to hit her during her prime reproductive age. Here are a few symptoms that will help you to learn if you have an ovary torsion.

  • Nausea.
  • Vomiting.
  • Pain in the lower belly and pelvis.

Ovarian torsion requires immediate medical attention. It can cut off the blood supply towards the ovaries leading to tissue death and infection in the ovary. Thus, in such condition, you have to undergo surgery immediately to fix the twist or remove the ovary in the worst case.

Endometrioma

Endometrioma is another condition of enlarged ovaries caused due to the formation of cysts in the uterus.

Endometrioma is a tissue that is the inner lining of the uterus and shed during the menstrual cycle. But, when a cyst is formed on the same tissue in the ovary, it sheds but has nowhere to flow. As a result, it causes your ovaries to swell up and bring up other discomforts in the body as a result.

Here are some of the symptoms that this condition has led to enlarged ovaries.

  • Pain during sex.
  • Extra painful periods.
  • Pain during urinating and bowel movements.
  • Heavy bleeding during periods.
  • Abdominal pain.

If this condition is not given proper medical attention at the time, it can damage your ovaries. This can lead to infertility and these growths can lead to developments of cancer in the ovaries. Thus, immediate medical attention is advised if you are observing symptoms of this condition.

Thus, enlarged ovaries are not fatal always but require awareness and immediate medical attnetion to make sure that they do not prove to be fatal.

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Enlarged Ovaries