Human body secretes a number of enzymes to function properly. Enzymes are protein molecules that are generated by different organs in the body. These enzymes are responsible for performing specific functions. They are released at near the organs they are meant to affect.

Also, these enzymes act as catalysts. Generally, every biochemical reaction that takes place inside living organisms requires enzymes. They speed up the reaction time of these processes. Like every catalyst, enzymes help the reaction to happen at a faster rate but does not really take part in the process.

Enzymes speed up more than 5000 biochemical reactions. There is a whole branch of study to understand enzymes, their nature, their function and all about them basically. This study is called enzymology.  

Enzymes In The Liver

The enzymes in the liver are commonly working towards regulating the sugar levels in your body. There are two most commonly known enzymes in liver namely, the aspartate aminotransferase and the alanine aminotransferase. They are generally referred to as AST and ALT respectively. On quantitative analysis, these enzymes could help identify issues in the liver. The issues they can help detect are liver toxicity, liver disease or liver damage.  


The aminotransferases are chains of amino acids that are found in the liver. These chemicals help your liver to produce glycogen. Glycogen is basically the sugar stored in your body. They are formed when a higher amount of sugar is consumed, which leaves sugar that is not needed by the body at that very instant.

Thus, this excess sugar is converted into glycogen for future use. A major portion of this glycogen will be stored in the liver, but smaller units of glycogen are also deposited in the glial cells of the brain, muscles and other organs of the body.  

Elevated liver enzymes: 

There is a rise in the enzyme levels in your blood streams. This phenomenon is known as enzyme elevation. It is commonly found in a person who is unwell and is caused by excess secretion of enzymes due to the damaging of those cells. The elevation in the levels of the enzymes secreted by the liver would indicate a phenomenon known as the elevated liver enzymes.

In this condition, the cells in the liver get damaged and might cause pain, irritation or inflammation in the abdominal region. Due to this, the cells secrete an excess of the enzymes called the aminotransferase. The secretion of these aminotransferases is essential for converting sugar into a form that can be used by the body. 

Symptoms For Elevated Liver Enzymes 

When you suffer from a rise in your enzyme levels that are secreted by the cells in the liver, you are said to be suffering from elevated liver enzymes. In this condition, you might show the following symptoms: 

Liver enlargement is a common symptom when you have elevated liver enzymes. This phenomenon is known as hepatomegaly. 

Due to the inefficiency of a damaged liver to dispose of the bilirubin in your body, your skin, lips, eyes, and mouth turn yellowish in color. Basically, you become susceptive to jaundice. 

Other not so severe symptoms are fever, nausea, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, and other minor issues as well. 

Thus, a person suffering from elevated liver enzymes might show the symptoms mentioned above. But you cannot be sure unless a proper blood test is performed.

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